Size: 9’2″ x 11’2″ ft.
The Western demand for Chinese rugs began with an 1880 exhibition of Chinese rugs in Germany. In 1903 the new style Chinese rugs won first prize at the St. Louis International Exhibition. These new rugs featured wool which was shinier and finer and had a much shorter clip than traditional Chinese rugs.
Rugs in the Art Deco style were made from about 1910 to the late 1940′s. This “New Chinese Style” was dictated by foreign interests, especially American importers, in response to specific demands in the Western home fashion market. The new style rugs came in three types: the Peking type with its traditional blue, ivory and camel palette, the Tientsin type with more modern designs and lighter colors, and the Shanghai type using good quality local wool. The principal foreign firms dominating the production of these rugs were Nichblas, Fete, Shoemaker, and Nichols.
The most famous maker of these rugs was Walter Nichols. He is so well known, that many people generically refer to all Chinese Art Deco rugs as Nichols Rugs.
Born in New York City around 1885, Walter Nichols began his career in China circa 1920 as a wool grader. In 1924, he started his production of Nichols “Super Rugs” in the port city of Tientsin (Tianjin) in Northern Chin